ICIAR 2020 is the 17th edition of the series of annual conferences on Image Analysis and Recognition, organized, this year, as a virtual conference due to the pandemic outbreak of Covid-19. Although organized as a Virtual Conference, ICIAR 2020 kept a forum for the participants to interact and present their latest research contributions in theory, methodology and applications of image analysis and recognition. ICIAR 2020, the International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition taked place in June 24-26, 2020. Three outstanding keynote talks were pleased included: “Deep learning and the future of radiology” by Daniel Rueckert, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; “Towards human-friendly explainable artificial intelligence” by Hani Hagras, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom; and “Embedded computer vision and machine learning for drone imaging” by Ioannis Pitas, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Salonica, Greece.